Root Canal Treatment
Root canal treatment, also known as endodontic treatment, is a dental procedure that is used to save a damaged or infected tooth. The procedure involves removing the infected or inflamed pulp (the soft tissue inside the tooth that contains nerves and blood vessels) and cleaning, disinfecting, and sealing the inside of the tooth.
The main reason for root canal treatment is to eliminate an infection that has reached the pulp chamber of the tooth. Common causes of pulp infection include:
- A deep cavity
- A chip or crack in the tooth
- Trauma to the tooth
- Gum disease
Symptoms of a pulp infection may include:
- Severe toothache or pain when biting or chewing
- Sensitivity to hot or cold temperatures
- Swelling or tenderness in the gums near the affected tooth
- Darkening of the tooth
During a root canal procedure, the endodontist will make an opening in the top of the tooth to access the pulp chamber. They will then remove the infected or inflamed pulp, clean and disinfect the inside of the tooth, and then fill and seal the tooth to prevent reinfection. After the root canal treatment is completed, a crown or other restoration will be placed to protect the tooth.
Root canal treatment is typically performed under local anesthesia, and most patients experience little to no pain during or after the procedure. The success rate for root canal treatment is very high, and most treated teeth can last a lifetime with proper care.
If you are experiencing any of the symptoms mentioned above, it is important to see a endodontist as soon as possible to prevent the infection from spreading and causing more severe damage.