Dental Care - Tooth Essentials


Brushing Teeth Ceaning
Flossing Teeth

The reason and culprit behind tooth decay and gum disease is plaque, it is sticky combination of bacteria and food. It begins to build up on your teeth within a few minutes after eating food. If teeths are not cleaned every day, plaque will lead to either tooth decay or gum disease. If not cleaned properly, the plaque turns into a hard deposit called tartar that becomes trapped at the base of the tooth. Plaque and tartar irritate and inflame the gums. Bacteria and the toxins they produce cause the gums to become:

  • Infected
  • Swollen
  • Tender

To prevent problems and disease such as tooth decay (caries) and gum disease (gingivitis or periodontitis) on should take good care of their teeth and gum. Therefore, it is duty and necessary, the parents should their children how to brush and floss from an early age to help them protect their teeth.

Plaque and tartar lead to a number of problems:

  • Cavities on teeth are holes that damage the structure of teeth.
  • Gingivitis symptoms are swollen, inflamed, and bleeding gums,
  • Periodontitis causes the destruction of the ligaments and bone that support the teeth, often leading to tooth loss.
  • Bad Breath also medically known as Halitosis.
  • Abscesses, pain, inability to use your teeth.
  • Other health problems outside the mouth, ranging from preterm labor to heart disease.


Clean with no cavities are healthy teeth. Healthy gums are pink and firm, and do not bleed. To keep your teeth and gums healthy, follow these steps:

  • Floss at least once per day. It is best to floss after brushing. Flossing removes plaque that is left behind after brushing from between the teeth and on the gums.
  • Brush your teeth twice a day and use soft-bristled toothbrush. Brush for at least 2-3 minutes each time.
  • Use fluoride toothpaste to strengthen your tooth enamel and helps to prevent tooth decay.
  • Replace your toothbrush every 3 to 4 months or sooner if needed. A worn-out toothbrush will not clean your teeth as well. 
  • Eating healthy food will help you to get less expose to gum diseases.
  • Avoid excess sweets and sweetened drinks. Intake of excess sweets increases your risk of cavities. You should brush your teeth immediately after eating or drink sweets.
  • Do not smoke. Smokers have more teeth and gum problems than non-smokers.
  • Keep dentures, retainers, and other appliances clean. This includes brushing them regularly. You may also need to soak them in a cleansing solution.

Schedule regular check-ups with best dentist near you.